Methodology for software development is used in the field of programming, among others, with the aim of ensuring teams work in a more organised way. These methodologies have evolved over time, starting out as mere organisational procedures and becoming an important basis for the productive and effective development of software.
In recent decades, agile methodologies for software development have reigned supreme, as highlighted in the recent study by Project Manager Institute (PMI), which reveals that 71% of software engineering companies use such methodologies. Therefore, if you want to focus your career on software development, you will need to learn how agile methodologies work.
Some companies are still using traditional methodologies for software development, which may remain valid depending on the project and the company. In any event, using software development methodologies is imperative in the field of programming and the like, to create high-quality software.
Methodology for software development is a set of workflow techniques and methods that are harnessed to design I.T. software solutions. The aim of the various methodologies is to organise teams so that these can develop the program features in the best possible way.
When it comes to developing products or solutions for a specific client or market, it's important to bear in mind factors such as costs, planning, difficulties, the available team, the languages used, etc. All of this forms part of a development methodology that allows the work to be organised optimally.
Software development is often an especially complex sector, above all when dealing with major applications and work teams. Setting out to develop a product without clear methodology will only lead to a more complex process, as well as problems, delays, errors and, ultimately, a poor final result.
Using a methodology for software development helps reduce the level of difficulty, organise tasks, streamline processes and improve the final outcome of the applications to be developed.
At present, there are two broad groups of methodologies for software development: agile and traditional. Below, we explain the features of each one.
Traditional methodologies for software development are characterised by fully and strictly setting out the requirements at the start of software engineering projects. Development cycles are not particularly flexible and do not allow changes to be made, unlike agile methodologies, which has led to an increase in use of the latter.
Work flow under the traditional methodologies is linear, i.e., the stages come one after another and the next can't begin until the previous is finished. It's also not possible to jump backwards once you move on to a new stage. These methodologies adapt poorly to change, yet the present world is changing constantly. The main traditional or classic methodologies are:
As we said at the start of the article, agile methodologies for software development are the most commonly used today, thanks to their flexibility and agility. Teams using these are far more productive and efficient, as they know exactly what they have to do at any given time. Moreover, the methodology allows the software to adapt to needs that arise along the way, thus making it easier to build more functional applications.
Agile methodologies are based on incremental methodology, in which new functionalities are added to the final application in each development cycle. However, these cycles are much shorter and faster, hence small features are added in instead of major changes.
This type of methodology allows self-sufficient and independent work teams to be built, which meet often to share the latest updates. Bit by bit, the final product is built and polished, while the client can add new requirements or corrections thanks to being able to follow the project in real-time.
The main agile methodologies are:
Software development has become one of the most important activities in modern society. In a world where artificial intelligence and technology form a basic part of our lives, developing safe, high-quality software is only set to become more important.
To be one of the professionals who make this process possible, you need to have the right know-how. That's why Banco Santander is launching various initiatives for those who want to train or refocus their career towards the sector with the most in-demand jobs right now.
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